Trade Associations and the Public Relations Industry - Climate Investigations Center

Trade Associations and the Public Relations Industry

How much money have the corporate and fossil fuel industry’s powerful trade association allies spent to convince the American public that its products are beneficial and necessary – and to stymie progress on climate change that could harm its financial interests?

To find out, Climate Investigations Center researchers analyzed the public relations expenditures of these trade associations going back to 2008, using data from publicly-available federal Form 990 tax records. The expenditures provide unique insight into trade association priorities and the willingness of public relations firms to represent socially harmful industries.

The trade associations we analyzed spent almost $1.4 billion on contracts with public relations, advertising, and communications contractors since 2008.

Between 2008 and 2017, these trade associations spent almost $1.4 billion on public relations, advertising, and communications contractors. The American Petroleum Institute eclipses all spenders at $663 million over this time period, accounting for nearly half the total trackable spending from all trade associations. The US Chamber of Commerce ranked second at $244 million spent. We found that the public relations firms with the most lucrative contracts over the time period of our dataset were Edelman, DDC Advocacy, FleishmanHillard, and Blue Advertising (once part of Edelman).

Many of the trade associations we analyzed are fossil fuel associated but represent different sectors of the industry, such as oil, gas, coal, petrochemical, mining, and utility companies. Trade associations spend their revenue, from members’ dues, on salaries, rent, and services such as lobbying and legal counsel, to forward the goals of the industry they represent.

Trade associations routinely utilize the advertising and front group — astroturf — services that public relations firms can provide. Top trade associations spend millions on public relations work each year, often targeting the Washington DC media market and political decision makers.  Some prominent PR campaigns are launched nationwide,  while others create front groups that will intentionally never bear the trade association’s name.

To view the spending by individual trade associations or to see a profile of the PR firms we analyzed,
click on the links below:


Our analysis also reveals that fossil fuel trade associations far exceed the PR and advertising spending of renewable energy trade associations. One fossil fuel industry trade association, the American Petroleum Institute, spent over six times more than four prominent renewable energy trade associations combined. In total, the American Wind Energy Association (AWEA), Growth Energy, the National Biodiesel Board (NBB), and the Solar Energy Industry Association (SEIA) spent $98.4 million on PR and advertising during the 2008 to 2017 period. API alone dwarfs all four associations, spending a total of $663.2 million during the same time period.

API alone spent over six times more than the renewable energy trade associations we analyzed.


In addition to a comprehensive analysis of how industry utilizes these sizable contracts, CIC has made available all the IRS 990 tax forms used in this analysis, and produced interactive data visualizations and downloadable spreadsheets with the raw data.

In this report, the Climate Investigations Center has extended and updated the Center for Public Integrity’s groundbreaking 2015 report on public relations spending by trade associations.  Spending data we have compiled since the CPI analysis confirms that public relations firms remain in a lucrative and influential partnership with big business and energy trade associations.

The Center for Public Integrity published “Who needs lobbyists? See what big business spends to win American minds,” which was the most thorough analysis of trade association spending to date in January 2015. The report compiled IRS 990 data from 2008 through 2012 to reveal that trade associations were often spending more on public relations firms than lobbyists. For some industries, advertising and front groups seemed to be the most powerful chosen means of achieving policy goals, putting public relations firms at the center of the policy debate over clean air, climate solutions, and good governance.


Download our data here (.csv file), or view in the table below:

Trade AssociationContract RecipientYearAmount PaidStated purpose of contractLink to document cloud
Western Energy AllianceResonate Networks2014$175,000.00Advertisinghttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/7223326-Western-Energy-Alliance-WEA-2014-990.html#document/p8/a585162
Western Energy AllianceFTI Consulting2017$217,317.00Consulting Serviceshttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/7222981-Western-Energy-Alliance-WEA-2017-990.html#document/p8/a585361
Western Energy AllianceResonate Networks2013$200,000.00Advertisinghttps://beta.documentcloud.org/documents/20472295-western-energy-alliance-wea-2013-990#document/p8/a2017122
Western Energy AllianceFTI Consulting2018$243,000.00Western Wirehttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/7222982-Western-Energy-Alliance-WEA-2018-990.html#document/p8/a585362
Western Energy AllianceClear Channel2013$125,360.00Advertisinghttps://beta.documentcloud.org/documents/20472295-western-energy-alliance-wea-2013-990#document/p8/a2017123
United States Chamber of CommerceRevoltuion Agency2018$4,834,422.00Advertising Serviceshttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/6819811-United-States-Chamber-of-Commerce-USCC-2018-990.html#document/p9/a558172
United States Chamber of CommerceSomething Else Stratgies2018$5,270,805.00Advertising Serviceshttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/6819811-United-States-Chamber-of-Commerce-USCC-2018-990.html#document/p9/a558171
United States Chamber of CommerceRevolution Media Group2017$1,150,000.00advertising serviceshttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/5676937-United-State-Chamber-of-Commerce-USCC-2017-990.html#document/p9/a473954
United States Chamber of CommerceR Street Films2018$1,554,650.00Advertising Serviceshttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/6819811-United-States-Chamber-of-Commerce-USCC-2018-990.html#document/p9/a558726
United States Chamber of CommerceAlbright Stonebridge Group LLC2017$712,888.00public/govt overseashttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/5676937-United-State-Chamber-of-Commerce-USCC-2017-990.html#document/p9/a473955
United States Chamber of CommerceSomething Else Strategies2017$2,919,990.00advertising serviceshttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/5676937-United-State-Chamber-of-Commerce-USCC-2017-990.html#document/p9/a473953
United States Chamber of CommerceR Street Films2016$4,500,000.00advertising serviceshttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/4325757-US-Chamber-of-Commerce-USCC-2016-990.html#document/p9/a402757
United States Chamber of CommerceRevolution Media Group2016$9,204,150.00advertising serviceshttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/4325757-US-Chamber-of-Commerce-USCC-2016-990.html#document/p9/a402756
United States Chamber of CommerceSomething Else Strategies2016$10,400,000.00advertising serviceshttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/4325757-US-Chamber-of-Commerce-USCC-2016-990.html#document/p9/a402755
United States Chamber of CommerceGlass House Strategy2016$797,550.00advertising serviceshttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/4325757-US-Chamber-of-Commerce-USCC-2016-990.html#document/p9/a402759
United States Chamber of CommerceIntegrated Web Strategy2015$1,756,009.00web based marketing, PR, and membership serviceshttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/4107242-US-Chamber-of-Commerce-USCC-2015-990.html#document/p8/a381242
United States Chamber of CommerceRevolution Media Group2015$1,734,327.00advertising serviceshttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/4107242-US-Chamber-of-Commerce-USCC-2015-990.html#document/p8/a381243
United States Chamber of CommerceRevolution Media Group2014$14,456,184.00advertising serviceshttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/3214267-US-Chamber-of-Commerce-USCC-2014-990.html#document/p8/a327356
United States Chamber of CommerceSomething Else Strategies2015$1,200,000.00advertising serviceshttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/4107242-US-Chamber-of-Commerce-USCC-2015-990.html#document/p8/a381244
United States Chamber of CommerceSomething Else Strategies2014$7,050,000.00advertising serviceshttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/3214267-US-Chamber-of-Commerce-USCC-2014-990.html#document/p8/a327355
United States Chamber of CommerceR Street Films2014$4,075,000.00advertising serviceshttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/3214267-US-Chamber-of-Commerce-USCC-2014-990.html#document/p8/a327352
United States Chamber of CommercePurple Strategies2014$4,652,568.00advertising serviceshttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/3214267-US-Chamber-of-Commerce-USCC-2014-990.html#document/p8/a327353
United States Chamber of CommerceCraft Media Digital2014$6,341,375.00advertising serviceshttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/3214267-US-Chamber-of-Commerce-USCC-2014-990.html#document/p8/a327354
United States Chamber of CommerceIntegrated Web Strategy2013$2,208,823.00web based marketing, PR, and membership serviceshttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/3214265-US-Chamber-of-Commerce-USCC-2013-990.html#document/p8/a327367
United States Chamber of CommerceSomething Else Strategies2013$1,049,800.00advertising serviceshttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/3214265-US-Chamber-of-Commerce-USCC-2013-990.html#document/p8/a327369
United States Chamber of CommerceAdfero Group2013$709,250.00advertising and strategic serviceshttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/3214265-US-Chamber-of-Commerce-USCC-2013-990.html#document/p8/a327371
United States Chamber of CommerceRevolution Media Group2012$23,365,676.00advertising serviceshttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/3214264-US-Chamber-of-Commerce-USCOC-2012-990.html#document/p8/a327385
United States Chamber of CommerceCraft Media Digital2012$8,718,330.00advertising serviceshttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/3214264-US-Chamber-of-Commerce-USCOC-2012-990.html#document/p8/a327384
United States Chamber of CommerceDesignated Market Media2012$8,267,709.00advertising serviceshttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/3214264-US-Chamber-of-Commerce-USCOC-2012-990.html#document/p8/a327383
United States Chamber of CommerceSomething Else Strategies2012$2,773,205.00advertising serviceshttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/3214264-US-Chamber-of-Commerce-USCOC-2012-990.html#document/p8/a327382
United States Chamber of CommerceSmart Media Group2012$2,650,000.00advertising serviceshttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/3214264-US-Chamber-of-Commerce-USCOC-2012-990.html#document/p8/a327381
United States Chamber of CommerceRevolution Media Group2011$2,605,111.00advertising serviceshttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/3214263-US-Chamber-of-Commerce-USCOC-2011-990.html#document/p8/a327417
United States Chamber of CommerceRevolution Media Group2010$12,268,494.00advertising serviceshttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/3214262-US-Chamber-of-Commerce-USCOC-2010-990.html#document/p8/a327435
United States Chamber of CommerceNational Media Public Affairs2010$9,095,731.00advertising serviceshttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/3214262-US-Chamber-of-Commerce-USCOC-2010-990.html#document/p8/a327434
United States Chamber of CommerceMentzer Media Services2010$6,313,861.00advertising serviceshttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/3214262-US-Chamber-of-Commerce-USCOC-2010-990.html#document/p8/a327431
United States Chamber of CommerceSmart Media Group2010$8,013,628.00advertising serviceshttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/3214262-US-Chamber-of-Commerce-USCOC-2010-990.html#document/p8/a327432
United States Chamber of CommerceDesignated Market Media2010$8,200,000.00advertising serviceshttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/3214262-US-Chamber-of-Commerce-USCOC-2010-990.html#document/p8/a327433
United States Chamber of CommerceNational Media Public Affairs2009$60,772,056.00advertising serviceshttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/3214261-US-Chamber-of-Commerce-USCOC-2009-990.html#document/p8/a403831
United States Chamber of CommerceAPCO Worldwide2009$17,370,239.00advertising serviceshttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/3214261-US-Chamber-of-Commerce-USCOC-2009-990.html#document/p8/a403832
United States Chamber of CommerceIntegrated Web Strategy2009$1,858,864.00web based marketing, PR, and membership serviceshttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/3214261-US-Chamber-of-Commerce-USCOC-2009-990.html#document/p8/a403833
United States Chamber of CommerceIntegrated Web Strategy2008$1,225,909.00web based marketing, PR, and membership serviceshttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/3214260-US-Chamber-of-Commerce-USCOC-2008-990.html#document/p8/a403840
United States Chamber of CommercePresentation Testing2008$452,450.00communications consultinghttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/3214260-US-Chamber-of-Commerce-USCOC-2008-990.html#document/p8/a403843
Solar Energy Industries AssociationCrosscut Strategies2018$251,005.00Professional Serviceshttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/7208994-Solar-Energy-Industries-Association-SEIA-990.html#document/p8/a581465
Solar Energy Industries AssociationCrosscut Strategies2018$451,005.00Professional Serviceshttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/6770614-Solar-Energy-Industries-Association-SEIA-2018-990.html#document/p8/a558718
Solar Energy Industries AssociationGreentech Media2014$161,363.00professional serviceshttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2941484-SEIA-2014-990.html#document/p8/a306616
Solar Energy Industries AssociationGreentech Media2013$206,338.00professional serviceshttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2891096-Solar-Energy-Industries-Association-2013-990.html#document/p8/a303609
Solar Energy Industries AssociationBlue Worldwide2011$410,790.00professional serviceshttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2814273-Solar-Energy-Industries-Association-2011.html#document/p8/a303677
Solar Energy Industries AssociationTiger Communications2011$275,915.00communicationshttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2814273-Solar-Energy-Industries-Association-2011.html#document/p8/a303674
Solar Energy Industries AssociationForum One Communications2011$160,200.00professional serviceshttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2814273-Solar-Energy-Industries-Association-2011.html#document/p8/a303673
Solar Energy Industries AssociationTiger Communications2010$272,164.00communicationshttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2814222-Solar-Energy-Industries-Association-2010.html#document/p8/a303684
Solar Energy Industries AssociationBlake & Company2010$141,343.00professional serviceshttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2814222-Solar-Energy-Industries-Association-2010.html#document/p8/a303687
Solar Energy Industries AssociationTiger Communications2009$277,035.00communicationshttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2814152-Solar-Energy-Industries-Association.html#document/p8/a303733
Solar Energy Industries AssociationPillsbury Winthrop2009$143,719.00legal serviceshttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2814152-Solar-Energy-Industries-Association.html#document/p8/a303734
Solar Energy Industries AssociationTiger Communications2008$282,561.00communicationshttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2814095-Solar-Energy-Industries-Association.html#document/p8/a303755
Nuclear Energy InstituteBully Pullpit Interactive LLC2018$1,297,500.00Advertisinghttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/6811804-2018-Nuclear-Energy-Institute-NEI-990.html#document/p9/a556826
Nuclear Energy InstituteAPCO Worldwide2017$5,801,384.00project managementhttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/5676907-Nuclear-Energy-Institute-NEI-2017-990.html#document/p8/a473790
Nuclear Energy InstituteBully Pulpit Interactive2017$1,129,201.00advertisinghttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/5676907-Nuclear-Energy-Institute-NEI-2017-990.html#document/p8/a473791
Nuclear Energy InstituteAPCO Worldwide2016$1,152,606.00project managementhttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/4332185-Nuclear-Energy-Institute-NEI-2016-990.html#document/p8/a393942
Nuclear Energy InstituteHill+Knowlton2016$1,624,600.00project managementhttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/4332185-Nuclear-Energy-Institute-NEI-2016-990.html#document/p8/a393943
Nuclear Energy InstituteKivvit2016$4,887,451.00project managementhttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/4332185-Nuclear-Energy-Institute-NEI-2016-990.html#document/p8/a393946
Nuclear Energy InstituteKivvit2015$7,231,176.00project managementhttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/3229815-Nuclear-Energy-Institute-NEI-2015-990.html#document/p8/a330011
Nuclear Energy InstituteHill+Knowlton2015$1,997,011.00project managementhttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/3229815-Nuclear-Energy-Institute-NEI-2015-990.html#document/p8/a330009
Nuclear Energy InstituteSmith & Harroff Inc2015$931,512.00project managementhttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/3229815-Nuclear-Energy-Institute-NEI-2015-990.html#document/p8/a330007
Nuclear Energy InstituteHill+Knowlton2014$2,194,235.00project managementhttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2859384-Nuclear-Energy-Institute-2014.html#document/p8/a302421
Nuclear Energy InstitutePotomac Communications Group2014$486,715.00project managementhttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2859384-Nuclear-Energy-Institute-2014.html#document/p8/a302417
Nuclear Energy InstituteSmith & Harroff Inc2014$1,602,939.00project managementhttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2859384-Nuclear-Energy-Institute-2014.html#document/p8/a302419
Nuclear Energy InstituteSmith & Harroff Inc2013$1,876,578.00project managementhttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2814304-NEI-990-2013.html#document/p8/a302434
Nuclear Energy InstituteHill+Knowlton2013$1,796,853.00project managementhttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2814304-NEI-990-2013.html#document/p8/a302433
Nuclear Energy InstitutePotomac Communications Group2013$462,956.00project managementhttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2814304-NEI-990-2013.html#document/p8/a302429
Nuclear Energy InstituteHill+Knowlton2012$4,964,386.00project managementhttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2814289-Nuclear-Energy-Institute-2012.html#document/p3/a302615
Nuclear Energy InstituteBurson-Marsteller2012$294,414.00project managementhttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2814289-Nuclear-Energy-Institute-2012.html#document/p3/a302605
Nuclear Energy InstituteSmith & Harroff Inc2012$4,463,288.00project managementhttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2814289-Nuclear-Energy-Institute-2012.html#document/p3/a302614
Nuclear Energy InstitutePotomac Communications Group2012$491,602.00project managementhttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2814289-Nuclear-Energy-Institute-2012.html#document/p3/a302607
Nuclear Energy InstituteSmith & Harroff Inc2011$4,720,107.00project managementhttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2814272-Nuclear-Energy-Institute-2011.html#document/p3/a302637
Nuclear Energy InstituteHill+Knowlton2011$4,107,578.00project managementhttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2814272-Nuclear-Energy-Institute-2011.html#document/p3/a302636
Nuclear Energy InstituteLuntz Global LLC2011$547,256.00project managementhttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2814272-Nuclear-Energy-Institute-2011.html#document/p3/a302633
Nuclear Energy InstituteSmith & Harroff Inc2010$1,867,491.00project managementhttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2814221-Nuclear-Energy-Institute-2010.html#document/p3/a302649
Nuclear Energy InstituteHill+Knowlton2010$2,128,574.00project managementhttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2814221-Nuclear-Energy-Institute-2010.html#document/p1/a302653
Nuclear Energy InstitutePotomac Communications Group2010$403,107.00project managementhttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2814221-Nuclear-Energy-Institute-2010.html#document/p3/a302650
Nuclear Energy InstituteSmith & Harroff Inc2009$2,221,698.00project managementhttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2814151-Nuclear-Energy-Institute.html#document/p8/a302722
Nuclear Energy InstituteHill+Knowlton2009$2,728,834.00project managementhttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2814151-Nuclear-Energy-Institute.html#document/p8/a302724
Nuclear Energy InstituteHill+Knowlton2008$2,779,671.00project managementhttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2814094-Nuclear-Energy-Institute.html#document/p8/a302762
Nuclear Energy InstitutePotomac Communications Group2009$576,638.00project managementhttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2814151-Nuclear-Energy-Institute.html#document/p8/a302723
Nuclear Energy InstituteSmith & Harroff Inc2008$2,459,752.00project managementhttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2814094-Nuclear-Energy-Institute.html#document/p8/a302760
National Rural Electric Cooperative AssociationDanielle Corbin2018$487,581.00Magazine advertising saleshttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/6658866-National-Rural-Electric-Cooperative-Association.html#document/p8/a544232
National Rural Electric Cooperative AssociationDanielle Corbin2017$531,982.00magazine advertising saleshttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/5686321-National-Rural-Electric-Cooperative-NRECA-2017-990.html#document/p8/a475588
National Rural Electric Cooperative AssociationASGK Public Strategies2017$444,283.00consulting serviceshttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/5686321-National-Rural-Electric-Cooperative-NRECA-2017-990.html#document/p8/a475589
National Rural Electric Cooperative AssociationASGK Public Strategies2016$977,682.00consulting serviceshttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/4379724-National-Rural-Electric-Cooperative-Association.html#document/p9/a404674
National Rural Electric Cooperative AssociationKivvit2015$515,917.00consulting serviceshttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/4107229-National-Rural-Electric-Cooperative-NREC-2015-990.html#document/p8/a381253
National Rural Electric Cooperative AssociationDanielle Corbin2015$487,176.00magazine advertising saleshttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/4107229-National-Rural-Electric-Cooperative-NREC-2015-990.html#document/p8/a381255
National Rural Electric Cooperative AssociationASGK Public Strategies2014$514,902.00consulting serviceshttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2891949-National-Rural-Electric-Cooperative-2014-990.html#document/p8/a304042
National Rural Electric Cooperative AssociationDanielle Corbin2013$356,897.00magazine advertising saleshttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2814306-NRECA-990-2013.html#document/p8/a304031
National Rural Electric Cooperative AssociationDanielle Corbin2011$383,044.00magazine advertising saleshttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2814270-National-Rural-Electric-Cooperative-Association.html#document/p3/a304082
National Rural Electric Cooperative AssociationDanielle Corbin2012$386,817.00magazine advertising saleshttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2814287-National-Rural-Electric-Cooperative-Association.html#document/p3/a304051
National Rural Electric Cooperative AssociationSummit Group2011$273,194.00marketing serviceshttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2814270-National-Rural-Electric-Cooperative-Association.html#document/p3/a304079
National Rural Electric Cooperative AssociationDanielle Corbin2010$332,820.00magazine advertising saleshttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2814219-National-Rural-Electric-Cooperative-2010.html#document/p3/a305408
National Rural Electric Cooperative AssociationDanielle Corbin2009$258,268.00magazine advertising saleshttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2814147-National-Rural-Electric-Cooperative.html#document/p8/a305417
National Rural Electric Cooperative AssociationSummit Group2010$264,148.00marketing serviceshttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2814219-National-Rural-Electric-Cooperative-2010.html#document/p3/a305407
National Rural Electric Cooperative AssociationDanielle Corbin2008$383,385.00magazine advertising saleshttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2934700-NREC-2008-990.html#document/p8/a305465
National Propane Gas AssociationButane-Propane News2012$100,110.00advertisinghttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2814286-National-Propane-Gas-Association-2012.html#document/p3/a296777
National Propane Gas AssociationCraft Media/Digital LLC2014$101,283.00public relationshttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2841182-National-Propane-Gas-Association-2014-990.html#document/p8/a299408
National Mining AssociationEdelman2018$607,492.00Consultinghttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/7206627-2018-990-NMA-National-Mining-Association.html#document/p8/a580646
National Mining AssociationEdelman2017$539,197.00consultinghttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/5676899-National-Mining-Association-NMA-2017-Form-990.html#document/p8/a473792
National Mining AssociationMDG2018$387,400.00Consultinghttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/7206627-2018-990-NMA-National-Mining-Association.html#document/p8/a580647
National Mining AssociationTroutman Sanders2016$617,312.00consulting - communicationshttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/4332156-National-Mining-Association-NMA-2016-990.html#document/p8/a394159
National Mining AssociationEdelman2016$605,956.00consulting - communicationshttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/4332156-National-Mining-Association-NMA-2016-990.html#document/p8/a394162
National Mining AssociationFrost Miller Group2016$560,696.00strategy, branding, and marketing consultationhttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/4332156-National-Mining-Association-NMA-2016-990.html#document/p8/a394161
National Mining AssociationCold Water2016$156,895.00PR firmhttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/4332156-National-Mining-Association-NMA-2016-990.html#document/p8/a394160
National Mining AssociationTroutman Sanders2015$915,911.00consulting - communicationshttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/3188442-National-Mining-Association-NMA-2015-990.html#document/p8/a324420
National Mining AssociationEdelman2015$1,199,963.00consulting - communicationshttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/3188442-National-Mining-Association-NMA-2015-990.html#document/p8/a324419
National Mining AssociationPotomac Communications Group2015$261,447.00media relations - communicationshttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/3188442-National-Mining-Association-NMA-2015-990.html#document/p8/a324423
National Mining AssociationWeber Merritt Strategies2015$856,389.00consulting - communicationshttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/3188442-National-Mining-Association-NMA-2015-990.html#document/p8/a324421
National Mining AssociationEdelman2014$2,160,481.00consulting - communicationshttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2841180-National-Mining-Association-2014.html#document/p8/a296675
National Mining AssociationWeber Merritt Strategies2014$1,595,732.00consulting - communicationshttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2841180-National-Mining-Association-2014.html#document/p8/a296676
National Mining AssociationTroutman Sanders2014$486,571.00consulting - communicationshttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2841180-National-Mining-Association-2014.html#document/p8/a296677
National Mining AssociationWeber Merritt Strategies2013$1,814,337.00consulting - communicationshttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2841198-National-Mining-Association-2013-990.html#document/p9/a296685
National Mining AssociationTroutman Sanders2013$277,109.00consulting - communicationshttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2841198-National-Mining-Association-2013-990.html#document/p9/a296681
National Mining AssociationEdelman2013$1,417,617.00consulting - communicationshttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2841198-National-Mining-Association-2013-990.html#document/p9/a296684
National Mining AssociationEdelman2012$1,371,044.00consulting - communicationshttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2814285-National-Mining-Association-2012.html#document/p3/a296696
National Mining AssociationWeber Merritt Strategies2012$3,980,591.00consulting - communicationshttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2814285-National-Mining-Association-2012.html#document/p3/a296698
National Mining AssociationLarry Paine & Associates2012$630,027.00consulting serviceshttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2814285-National-Mining-Association-2012.html#document/p3/a296694
National Mining AssociationTroutman Sanders2011$367,520.00consulting - communicationshttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2814268-National-Mining-Association-2011.html#document/p3/a296708
National Mining AssociationEdelman2011$1,570,360.00consulting - communicationshttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2814268-National-Mining-Association-2011.html#document/p3/a296712
National Mining AssociationWeber Merritt Strategies2010$2,355,354.00consulting - communicationshttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2814217-National-Mining-Association-2010.html#document/p3/a296722
National Mining AssociationPreston-Osbourne2010$619,621.00campaign directors, database, fieldworkhttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2814217-National-Mining-Association-2010.html#document/p3/a296721
National Mining AssociationEdelman2010$376,641.00consulting - communicationshttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2814217-National-Mining-Association-2010.html#document/p3/a296718
National Mining AssociationWeber Merritt Strategies2009$1,104,450.00consulting - communicationshttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2814145-National-Mining-Association.html#document/p8/a296736
National Mining AssociationCommunity Strategies2009$197,050.00grassroots consultanthttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2814145-National-Mining-Association.html#document/p8/a296738
National Biodiesel BoardDewey Square Group2018$753,166.00Communication servicehttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/7208993-National-Biodiesel-Board-NBB-2018-990.html#document/p8/a581141
National Biodiesel BoardNazzarro Group2016$872,306.00consultinghttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/4107007-National-Biodiesel-Board-NBB-2015-990.html#document/p8/a381192
National Biodiesel BoardNazzarro Group2015$836,365.00consultinghttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2852842-National-Biodiesel-Board-2014-990.html#document/p8/a300220
National Biodiesel BoardNazzarro Group2014$897,213.00consultinghttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2852839-NATIONAL-BIODIESEL-BOARD-2014-990.html#document/p8/a300242
National Biodiesel BoardNazzarro Group2012$426,350.00consultinghttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2814266-National-Biodiesel-Board-2011.html#document/p3/a300267
National Biodiesel BoardNazzarro Group2013$1,390,755.00consultinghttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2814283-National-Biodiesel-Board-2012.html#document/p3/a300259
National Association of ManufacturersDCI Group2018$1,670,666.00Consulting Serviceshttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/6658865-National-Association-of-Manufacturers-NAM-2018-990.html#document/p11/a544138
National Association of ManufacturersDDC Advocacy2018$1,069,650.00Consulting and Lobbying Serviceshttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/6658865-National-Association-of-Manufacturers-NAM-2018-990.html#document/p11/a544140
National Association of ManufacturersFTI2018$816,473.00Consulting Serviceshttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/6658865-National-Association-of-Manufacturers-NAM-2018-990.html#document/p11/a544141
National Association of ManufacturersLocust Street Group2018$419,291.00Consulting Serviceshttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/6658865-National-Association-of-Manufacturers-NAM-2018-990.html#document/p11/a544311
National Association of ManufacturersDCI Group2017$1,393,167.00consulting serviceshttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/5676898-National-Association-of-Manufacturers-NAM-2017.html#document/p11/a473798
National Association of ManufacturersNew Troy Strategies2017$564,203.00consulting serviceshttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/5676898-National-Association-of-Manufacturers-NAM-2017.html#document/p11/a473799
National Association of ManufacturersDCI Group2016$1,851,461.00consulting serviceshttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/4254580-National-Association-of-Manufacturers-NAM-2016-990.html#document/p11/a393916
National Association of ManufacturersEdelman2016$1,199,953.00public relationshttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/4254580-National-Association-of-Manufacturers-NAM-2016-990.html#document/p11/a393915
National Association of ManufacturersDCI Group2015$3,424,574.00consulting serviceshttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/3213538-National-Association-of-Manufacturers-NAM-2015.html#document/p12/a327087
National Association of ManufacturersFTI Consulting2015$7,942,891.00media ads & serviceshttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/3213538-National-Association-of-Manufacturers-NAM-2015.html#document/p12/a327088
National Association of ManufacturersMentzer Media Services2015$1,867,890.00media ads & serviceshttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/3213538-National-Association-of-Manufacturers-NAM-2015.html#document/p12/a327086
National Association of ManufacturersDemocracy Data & Communications2015$1,582,784.00consulting serviceshttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/3213538-National-Association-of-Manufacturers-NAM-2015.html#document/p12/a327085
National Association of ManufacturersHamilton Place Strategies2015$1,441,979.00consulting serviceshttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/3213538-National-Association-of-Manufacturers-NAM-2015.html#document/p12/a327084
National Association of ManufacturersDCI Group2014$1,770,200.00consulting serviceshttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2850668-National-Association-of-Manufacturers-2014-990.html#document/p8/a299429
National Association of ManufacturersTarget Enterprises2014$1,425,743.00media ads & serviceshttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2850668-National-Association-of-Manufacturers-2014-990.html#document/p8/a299428
National Association of ManufacturersIMGE2014$916,645.00media ads & serviceshttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2850668-National-Association-of-Manufacturers-2014-990.html#document/p8/a299426
National Association of ManufacturersDCI Group2013$1,770,200.00consulting serviceshttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2850663-National-Association-of-Manufacturers-2013-990.html#document/p8/a299440
National Association of ManufacturersMulti Media Services2012$2,587,236.00media ads & serviceshttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2814301-NAM-990-2012.html#document/p8/a299460
National Association of ManufacturersEdelman2013$1,610,413.00public relationshttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2850663-National-Association-of-Manufacturers-2013-990.html#document/p8/a299439
National Association of ManufacturersTarget Enterprises2012$1,443,489.00media ads & serviceshttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2814301-NAM-990-2012.html#document/p8/a299459
National Association of ManufacturersEdelman2012$1,080,878.00public relationshttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2814301-NAM-990-2012.html#document/p8/a299458
National Association of ManufacturersGallatin Public Affairs2012$553,190.00public affairshttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2814301-NAM-990-2012.html#document/p8/a299457
National Association of ManufacturersTarget Enterprises2010$3,748,483.00media ads & serviceshttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2814299-NAM-990-2010.html#document/p8/a299496
National Association of ManufacturersTarget Enterprises2011$3,800,000.00media ads & serviceshttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2814300-NAM-990-2011.html#document/p8/a299474
National Association of ManufacturersCove Strategies2010$165,000.00consultantshttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2814299-NAM-990-2010.html#document/p8/a299492
National Association of ManufacturersTarget Enterprises2009$4,400,000.00media ads & serviceshttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2814298-NAM-990-2009.html#document/p8/a299511
National Association of ManufacturersDCI Group2008$2,543,079.00consulting serviceshttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2814297-NAM-990-2008.html#document/p8/a299530
National Association of ManufacturersFleishmanHillard2008$402,500.00consultinghttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2814297-NAM-990-2008.html#document/p8/a299528
Interstate Natural Gas Association of AmericaBracewell & Giuliani2017$204,109.00public realtionship serviceshttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/5676935-Interstate-Natural-Gas-Association-of-America.html#document/p8/a473841
Interstate Natural Gas Association of AmericaIcemiller Strategies2017$120,000.00strategic serviceshttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/5676935-Interstate-Natural-Gas-Association-of-America.html#document/p8/a473843
Growth EnergyGRP Buying2018$2,019,657.00Media Advertising
Growth EnergyRCR2018$2,803,637.00Sponsorship, advertising
Growth EnergyPlus Communications2018$1,826,908.00Consulting
Growth EnergyNASCAR2018$2,000,000.00Sponsorship, advertising
Growth EnergyNASCAR2017$3,500,000.00sponsorship, advertisinghttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/5700782-Growth-Energy-2017-990.html#document/p8/a478548
Growth EnergyNASCAR2016$5,600,000.00sponsorship, advertisinghttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/4332127-Growth-Energy-2016-990.html#document/p8/a393886
Growth EnergyFP1 Public Affairs2017$2,494,435.00consultinghttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/5700782-Growth-Energy-2017-990.html#document/p8/a478549
Growth EnergyFP1 Public Affairs2016$2,464,619.00consultinghttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/4332127-Growth-Energy-2016-990.html#document/p8/a393888
Growth EnergyRCR2016$3,963,615.00sponsorship, advertisinghttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/4332127-Growth-Energy-2016-990.html#document/p8/a393887
Growth EnergyRCR2015$2,131,950.00sponsorship, advertisinghttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/3229814-Growth-Energy-2015-990.html#document/p8/a330026
Growth EnergyNASCAR2015$5,600,000.00sponsorship, advertisinghttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/3229814-Growth-Energy-2015-990.html#document/p8/a330027
Growth EnergyAmerica's Renewable Future2015$1,250,000.00promotionhttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/3229814-Growth-Energy-2015-990.html#document/p8/a330024
Growth EnergyFUELSAMERICA2015$1,000,000.00advertisinghttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/3229814-Growth-Energy-2015-990.html#document/p8/a330023
Growth EnergyNASCAR2014$5,600,000.00sponsorship, advertisinghttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2838693-Growth-Energy-2014-990.html#document/p8/a295600
Growth EnergyRCR2014$2,731,782.00sponsorship, advertisinghttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2838693-Growth-Energy-2014-990.html#document/p8/a295601
Growth EnergyAmericans United For Change2014$1,582,450.00promotion
Growth EnergyNASCAR2013$5,600,000.00sponsorship, advertisinghttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2814295-Growth-Energy-990-2013.html#document/p9/a295588
Growth EnergyFUELSAMERICA2014$1,000,000.00advertisinghttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2838693-Growth-Energy-2014-990.html#document/p8/a295604
Growth Energy3 Advertising2013$2,375,101.00promotion, advertisinghttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2814295-Growth-Energy-990-2013.html#document/p9/a295589
Growth EnergyFUELSAMERICA2013$1,000,000.00advertisinghttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2814295-Growth-Energy-990-2013.html#document/p9/a295590
Growth EnergyRCR2013$502,449.00sponsorship, advertisinghttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2814295-Growth-Energy-990-2013.html#document/p9/a295591
Growth EnergyNASCAR2012$11,825,000.00sponsorship, advertisinghttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2814280-Growth-Energy-2012.html#document/p3/a295617
Growth EnergyGavel International2013$328,262.00promotionhttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2814295-Growth-Energy-990-2013.html#document/p9/a295592
Growth Energy3 Advertising2012$2,081,288.00promotion, advertisinghttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2814280-Growth-Energy-2012.html#document/p3/a295618
Growth EnergyNASCAR2011$14,525,000.00sponsorship, advertisinghttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2814263-Growth-Energy-2011.html#document/p3/a295783
Growth EnergyGreen Planet Productions2011$381,967.00movie production advertisinghttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2814263-Growth-Energy-2011.html#document/p3/a295785
Growth EnergyAdvocomm2010$1,260,407.00advertise and promote ethanolhttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2814212-Growth-Energy-2010.html#document/p3/a295793
Growth Energy3 Advertising2010$2,921,544.00promotion, advertisinghttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2814212-Growth-Energy-2010.html#document/p3/a295792
Growth EnergyWesley Clark & Associates2010$286,980.00consultinghttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2814212-Growth-Energy-2010.html#document/p3/a295795
Growth EnergyAdvocomm2009$3,424,107.00advertise and promote ethanolhttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2814139-Growth-Energy.html#document/p9/a296162
Growth Energy3 Advertising2009$1,682,222.00promotion, advertisinghttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2814139-Growth-Energy.html#document/p9/a296163
Growth EnergyMach 1 Business Media2009$243,215.00publisher of ethanol magazinehttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2814139-Growth-Energy.html#document/p9/a296166
Edison Electric InstituteDDC Advocacy2018$549,616.00Consultinghttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/6658861-Edison-Electric-Institute-EEI-2018-990.html#document/p8/a544136
Edison Electric InstituteDemocracy Data & Communications2017$941,902.00consultinghttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/5676897-Edison-Electric-Institute-EEI-2017-Form-990.html#document/p8/a473817
Edison Electric InstituteHawthorn Group2016$3,000,000.00consultinghttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/4366463-Edison-Electric-Institute-2016-990.html#document/p8/a402618
Edison Electric InstituteDemocracy Data & Communications2016$1,086,988.00consultinghttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/4366463-Edison-Electric-Institute-2016-990.html#document/p8/a402620
Edison Electric InstituteNet Communications2015$750,599.00consultinghttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/3221593-Edison-Electric-Institute-EEI-2015-990.html#document/p8/a328602
Edison Electric InstituteSloane & Company2015$391,995.00consultinghttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/3221593-Edison-Electric-Institute-EEI-2015-990.html#document/p8/a328600
Edison Electric InstituteEdelman2013$1,091,122.00consultinghttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2814294-EEi-990-2013.html#document/p9/a293323
Edison Electric InstituteDemocracy Data & Communications2014$1,326,106.00consultinghttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2824001-Edison-Electric-Institue-2014-900.html#document/p8/a293355
Edison Electric InstituteR&R Partners2013$515,811.00advertisinghttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2814294-EEi-990-2013.html#document/p9/a293324
Edison Electric InstituteEdelman2012$683,183.00consultinghttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2814279-Edison-Electric-Institute-2012.html#document/p3/a293254
Edison Electric InstituteDemocracy Data & Communications2012$548,163.00consultinghttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2814279-Edison-Electric-Institute-2012.html#document/p3/a293254
Edison Electric InstituteGC Strategic Advocacy2009$543,940.00media placementhttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2814138-Edison-Electric-Institute.html#document/p9/a292698
American Wind Energy AssociationIMGE2017$727,470.00digital advertisinghttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/5759600-American-Wind-Energy-Association-AWEA-2017-990.html#document/p8/a485395
Edison Electric InstituteGC Strategic Advocacy2008$1,100,597.00media placementhttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2814086-Edison-Electric-Institute.html#document/p9/a292942
American Wind Energy AssociationCapital Counsel2013$250,328.00advocacyhttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2850224-American-Wind-Energy-Association-2013-990.html#document/p9/a299143
American Wind Energy AssociationRevolution Media Group2011$1,046,395.00advertising and communicationshttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2814261-American-Wind-Energy-Association-2011.html#document/p3/a299174
American Wind Energy AssociationElmendorf Strategies2014$180,000.00advocacyhttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2850218-American-Wind-Energy-Association-2014-990.html#document/p8/a299130
American Wind Energy AssociationRosen Group2009$334,995.00media serviceshttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2814137-American-Wind-Energy-Association.html#document/p9/a299232
American Wind Energy AssociationRevolution Media Group2012$1,722,452.00advertising and communicationshttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2814278-American-Wind-Energy-Association-2012.html#document/p3/a299116
American Petroleum InstituteGSD&M2018$31,989,809.00Advertisinghttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/6658867-American-Petroleum-Institute-API-2018-990.html#document/p8/a544127
American Wind Energy AssociationNew Media2011$744,274.00advertising and communicationshttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2814261-American-Wind-Energy-Association-2011.html#document/p3/a299173
American Petroleum InstituteDDC Advocacy2018$7,735,244.00Advocacyhttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/6658867-American-Petroleum-Institute-API-2018-990.html#document/p8/a544128
American Petroleum InstitutePool House2018$3,299,340.00Advertisinghttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/6658867-American-Petroleum-Institute-API-2018-990.html#document/p8/a544133
American Petroleum InstituteGSD&M2017$30,396,324.00advertisinghttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/5676896-American-Petroleum-Institute-API-2017-990-Form.html#document/p8/a473821
American Petroleum InstituteBlue Advertising2016$24,355,069.00advertisinghttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/4254578-American-Petroleum-Institute-API-2016-990.html#document/p8/a393860
American Petroleum InstituteDemocracy Data & Communications2017$6,922,626.00advocacyhttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/5676896-American-Petroleum-Institute-API-2017-990-Form.html#document/p8/a473823
American Petroleum InstituteAdvocates Inc2017$4,039,363.00advocacyhttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/5676896-American-Petroleum-Institute-API-2017-990-Form.html#document/p8/a473828
American Petroleum InstituteFleishmanHillard2016$9,515,924.00advertising and public relationshttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/4254578-American-Petroleum-Institute-API-2016-990.html#document/p8/a393858
American Petroleum InstituteDemocracy Data & Communications2016$6,738,577.00advocacyhttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/4254578-American-Petroleum-Institute-API-2016-990.html#document/p8/a393857
American Petroleum InstituteAdvocates Inc2016$4,090,899.00coalition buildinghttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/4254578-American-Petroleum-Institute-API-2016-990.html#document/p8/a393856
American Petroleum InstituteBlue Advertising2015$26,890,598.00advertisinghttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/3220975-American-Petroleum-Institute-API-2015-990.html#document/p8/a328565
American Petroleum InstituteDesignated Market Media2015$10,840,597.00advertisinghttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/3220975-American-Petroleum-Institute-API-2015-990.html#document/p8/a328563
American Petroleum InstituteFleishmanHillard2015$18,255,218.00advertising and public relationshttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/3220975-American-Petroleum-Institute-API-2015-990.html#document/p8/a328564
American Petroleum InstituteDemocracy Data & Communications2015$7,466,543.00advocacyhttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/3220975-American-Petroleum-Institute-API-2015-990.html#document/p8/a328562
American Petroleum InstituteBlue Advertising2014$28,272,065.00advertisinghttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2841179-API-2014-990.html#document/p8/a296990
American Petroleum InstituteFleishmanHillard2014$17,254,064.00advertising and public relationshttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2841179-API-2014-990.html#document/p8/a296989
American Petroleum InstituteDesignated Market Media2014$8,144,795.00advertisinghttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2841179-API-2014-990.html#document/p8/a296987
American Petroleum InstituteDemocracy Data & Communications2014$6,961,184.00advocacyhttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2841179-API-2014-990.html#document/p8/a296986
American Petroleum InstituteBlue Advertising2013$32,834,698.00advertisinghttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2814293-API-990-2013.html#document/p9/a296967
American Petroleum InstituteDesignated Market Media2013$6,124,143.00advertisinghttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2814293-API-990-2013.html#document/p9/a296963
American Petroleum InstituteFleishmanHillard2013$23,941,600.00advertising and public relationshttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2814293-API-990-2013.html#document/p9/a296966
American Petroleum InstituteDemocracy Data & Communications2013$5,553,397.00advocacyhttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2814293-API-990-2013.html#document/p9/a296962
American Petroleum InstituteEdelman2012$51,917,692.00public relationshttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2814277-American-Petroleum-Institute-2012.html#document/p9/a298391
American Petroleum InstituteFleishmanHillard2012$22,782,020.00advertising and public relationshttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2814277-American-Petroleum-Institute-2012.html#document/p9/a298395
American Petroleum InstituteDesignated Market Media2012$5,289,804.00advertisinghttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2814277-American-Petroleum-Institute-2012.html#document/p9/a298393
American Petroleum InstituteDemocracy Data & Communications2012$5,529,594.00advocacyhttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2814277-American-Petroleum-Institute-2012.html#document/p9/a298394
American Petroleum InstituteAdvocates Inc2011$5,430,224.00coalition building
American Petroleum InstituteEdelman2011$68,306,448.00public relationshttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2814260-American-Petroleum-Institute-2011.html#document/p3/a296941
American Petroleum InstituteFleishmanHillard2011$4,846,056.00advertising and public relationshttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2814260-American-Petroleum-Institute-2011.html#document/p8/a296943
American Petroleum InstituteDemocracy Data & Communications2011$4,089,200.00advocacyhttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2814260-American-Petroleum-Institute-2011.html#document/p8/a296942
American Petroleum InstituteEdelman2010$63,228,379.00public relationshttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2814208-American-Petroleum-Institute-2010.html#document/p8/a296932
American Petroleum InstituteAdvocates Inc2010$3,843,563.00coalition buildinghttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2814208-American-Petroleum-Institute-2010.html#document/p8/a296935
American Petroleum InstituteEdelman2009$68,732,735.00public relationshttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2814136-American-Petroleum-Institute.html#document/p9/a296920
American Petroleum InstituteAdvocates Inc2009$3,138,667.00coalition buildinghttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2814136-American-Petroleum-Institute.html#document/p9/a296924
American Petroleum InstituteEdelman2008$75,207,455.00public relationshttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2814084-American-Petroleum-Institute.html#document/p9/a296833
American Petroleum InstituteDC Navigators2008$2,300,000.00communicationshttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2814084-American-Petroleum-Institute.html#document/p8/a296836
American Natural Gas AllianceGlover Park2014$2,597,208.00research/communicationhttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2838648-ANGA-2014-990.html#document/p8/a295579
American Natural Gas AlliancePorter Novelli2014$683,645.00research/communicationhttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2838648-ANGA-2014-990.html#document/p8/a295580
American Natural Gas AlliancePorter Novelli2013$1,171,558.00research/communicationhttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2814292-ANGA-990-2013.html#document/p9/a295559
American Natural Gas AllianceGlover Park2013$2,777,189.00research/communicationhttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2814292-ANGA-990-2013.html#document/p9/a295558
American Natural Gas AllianceGladstein Neandross & Associates2013$934,016.00consulting - market developmenthttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2814292-ANGA-990-2013.html#document/p9/a295560
American Natural Gas AllianceGlover Park2012$2,963,161.00research/communicationhttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2814276-American-Natural-Gas-Alliance-2012.html#document/p3/a295550
American Natural Gas AllianceDewey Square2012$738,957.00grassroots communicationshttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2814276-American-Natural-Gas-Alliance-2012.html#document/p3/a295553
American Natural Gas AllianceDewey Square2011$1,475,506.00grassroots communicationshttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2814259-American-Natural-Gas-Alliance-2011.html#document/p3/a295543
American Natural Gas AllianceGlover Park2011$2,578,982.00research/communicationhttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2814259-American-Natural-Gas-Alliance-2011.html#document/p3/a295542
American Natural Gas AllianceGlover Park2010$1,402,277.00research/communicationhttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2814207-American-Natural-Gas-Alliance-2010.html#document/p3/a295534
American Natural Gas AllianceDewey Square2010$1,190,072.00grassroots communicationshttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2814207-American-Natural-Gas-Alliance-2010.html#document/p3/a295536
American Natural Gas AllianceWexler & Walker2010$1,234,907.00advocacy - federal consultantshttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2814207-American-Natural-Gas-Alliance-2010.html#document/p3/a295535
American Natural Gas AlliancePublic Opinion Strategies2009$360,990.00communicationshttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2814134-American-Natural-Gas-Alliance.html#document/p9/a295523
American Gas AssociationDemocracy Data & Communications2017$4,526,136.00consultinghttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/5676895-American-Gas-Association-AGA-2017-Form-990.html#document/p8/a473832
American Gas AssociationBurson-Marsteller2017$401,717.00consultinghttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/5676895-American-Gas-Association-AGA-2017-Form-990.html#document/p8/a473834
American Gas AssociationYGS Group2017$335,973.00aga magazinehttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/5676895-American-Gas-Association-AGA-2017-Form-990.html#document/p8/a485634
American Gas AssociationProof Integrated Communications2016$501,520.00Printing & magazine serviceshttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/5682675-American-Gas-Association-AGA-2016-990.html#document/p8/a484744
American Gas AssociationYGS Group2016$256,491.00aga magazinehttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/5682675-American-Gas-Association-AGA-2016-990.html#document/p8/a484745
American Gas AssociationProof Integrated Communications2015$710,357.00AGA Magazinehttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/5682665-American-Gas-Association-AGA-2015-990.html#document/p8/a484743
American Gas AssociationProof Integrated Communications2014$604,565.00communicationshttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/5682664-American-Gas-Association-AGA-2014-990.html#document/p8/a474743
American Gas AssociationYGS Group2015$255,182.00aga magazinehttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/5682665-American-Gas-Association-AGA-2015-990.html#document/p8/a484746
American Gas AssociationLeverage Media2014$261,942.00publication/magazine serviceshttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/5682664-American-Gas-Association-AGA-2014-990.html#document/p8/a474746
American Gas AssociationProof Integrated Communications2013$532,176.00AGA Magazinehttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/5682663-American-Gas-Association-AGA-2013-990.html#document/p8/a474742
American Gas AssociationProof Integrated Communications2012$316,687.00AGA Magazinehttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/5682662-American-Gas-Association-AGA-2012-990.html#document/p8/a474729
American Fuel and Petrochemical ManufacturersSinger Associates2018$5,519,608.00public relationshttps://beta.documentcloud.org/documents/7201477-2018-AFPM-American-Fuel-and-Petrochemical#document/p8/a2008786
American Fuel and Petrochemical ManufacturersEdelman2018$4,420,483.00public relationshttps://beta.documentcloud.org/documents/7201477-2018-AFPM-American-Fuel-and-Petrochemical#document/p8/a2008788
American Fuel and Petrochemical ManufacturersDezenhall Resources2018$1,447,039.00public relationshttps://beta.documentcloud.org/documents/7201477-2018-AFPM-American-Fuel-and-Petrochemical#document/p8/a2008789
American Fuel and Petrochemical ManufacturersEdelman2017$4,241,193.00public relationshttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/5676918-American-Fuel-and-Petrochemical-Manufacturers.html#document/p15/a473782
American Fuel and Petrochemical ManufacturersJust Add Firewater2018$771,978.00public relationshttps://beta.documentcloud.org/documents/7201477-2018-AFPM-American-Fuel-and-Petrochemical#document/p8/a2008790
American Fuel and Petrochemical ManufacturersSinger Associates2017$4,080,436.00public relationshttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/5676918-American-Fuel-and-Petrochemical-Manufacturers.html#document/p15/a473783
American Fuel and Petrochemical ManufacturersEdelman2016$1,595,348.00public relationshttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/4325540-American-Fuel-and-Petrochemical-Manufacturers.html#document/p10/a393880
American Fuel and Petrochemical ManufacturersDezenhall Resources2017$1,500,546.00public relationshttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/5676918-American-Fuel-and-Petrochemical-Manufacturers.html#document/p15/a473784
American Fuel and Petrochemical ManufacturersEdelman2014$4,011,828.00public relationshttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2835066-AFPM-2014.html#document/p8/a294911
American Fuel and Petrochemical ManufacturersEdelman2015$2,996,049.00public relationshttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/3179331-American-Fuel-and-Petrochemical-Manufacturers.html#document/p8/a324408
American Fuel and Petrochemical ManufacturersAmerican Energy Alliance2014$350,000.00consultinghttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2835066-AFPM-2014.html#document/p8/a294922
American Fuel and Petrochemical ManufacturersEdelman2013$3,034,064.00public relationshttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2835130-AFPM-2013.html#document/p8/a294981
American Fuel and Petrochemical ManufacturersAmerican Energy Alliance2013$450,000.00consultinghttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2835130-AFPM-2013.html#document/p8/a294986
American Fuel and Petrochemical ManufacturersConsumer Energy Alliance2013$522,500.00consultinghttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2835130-AFPM-2013.html#document/p8/a294985
American Fuel and Petrochemical ManufacturersAmerican Energy Alliance2012$895,000.00consultinghttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2814275-American-Fuel-amp-Petrochemical-Manufacturers-2012.html#document/p3/a295008
American Fuel and Petrochemical ManufacturersConsumer Energy Alliance2012$790,000.00consultinghttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2814275-American-Fuel-amp-Petrochemical-Manufacturers-2012.html#document/p3/a295009
American Fuel and Petrochemical ManufacturersCreative Response Concepts2012$722,205.00public relationshttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2814275-American-Fuel-amp-Petrochemical-Manufacturers-2012.html#document/p3/a295011
American Fuel and Petrochemical ManufacturersEdelman2012$638,494.00public relationshttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2814275-American-Fuel-amp-Petrochemical-Manufacturers-2012.html#document/p3/a295012
American Fuel and Petrochemical ManufacturersConsumer Energy Alliance2011$1,045,000.00consultinghttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2814258-American-Fuel-amp-Petrochemical-Manufacturers-2011.html#document/p3/a295094
American Fuel and Petrochemical ManufacturersPrisim Public Affairs2010$250,194.00PR serviceshttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2814206-American-Fuel-and-Petrochemical-Manufacturers-2010.html#document/p8/a295135
American Coalition on Clean Coal EletricityDCI Group2018$247,277.00Direct Contacthttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/6658856-2018-America-s-Power-American-Coalition-for.html#document/p32/a544135
American Fuel and Petrochemical ManufacturersBevendge Seay2009$168,678.00identity and brand consultanthttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2814133-American-Fuel-amp-Petrochemical-Manufacturers.html#document/p9/a295190
American Coalition on Clean Coal ElectricityDCI Group2017$490,770.00direct contacthttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/5348002-American-Coalition-for-Clean-Coal-Electricity.html#document/p35/a473839
American Coalition on Clean Coal ElectricityDemocracy Data & Communications2016$1,093,877.00earned media/digital/paid mediahttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/4382361-American-Coalition-for-Clean-Coal-Electricity.html#document/p10/a405740
American Coalition on Clean Coal ElectricityDCI Group2016$673,111.00direct contact/outreachhttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/4382361-American-Coalition-for-Clean-Coal-Electricity.html#document/p10/a405741
American Coalition on Clean Coal ElectricityStateside Associates2016$252,045.00outreach activitieshttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/4382361-American-Coalition-for-Clean-Coal-Electricity.html#document/p10/a405750
American Coalition on Clean Coal ElectricityDCI Group2015$1,583,262.00direct contact/outreachhttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/4106937-American-Coalition-for-Clean-Coal-Electricity.html#document/p8/a381166
American Coalition on Clean Coal ElectricityCauseway Soultions2015$513,891.00outreach activitieshttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/4106937-American-Coalition-for-Clean-Coal-Electricity.html#document/p8/a381165
American Coalition on Clean Coal ElectricityDemocracy Data & Communications2015$387,902.00earned media/digital/paid mediahttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/4106937-American-Coalition-for-Clean-Coal-Electricity.html#document/p8/a381164
American Coalition on Clean Coal ElectricityBlueprint Communications2015$300,000.00earned mediahttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/4106937-American-Coalition-for-Clean-Coal-Electricity.html#document/p8/a381162
American Coalition on Clean Coal ElectricityReal Clear Holdings2015$346,000.00state communications/national eventshttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/4106937-American-Coalition-for-Clean-Coal-Electricity.html#document/p8/a381163
American Coalition on Clean Coal ElectricityDCI Group2014$2,083,525.00direct contact/outreachhttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2838540-ACCCE-990-2014.html#document/p8/a295513
American Coalition on Clean Coal ElectricityNJI Media2014$313,775.00direct contact/outreachhttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2838540-ACCCE-990-2014.html#document/p8/a295514
American Coalition on Clean Coal ElectricityWilkinson Barker Knauer LLP2014$240,399.00legal / litigation / state advocacyhttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2838540-ACCCE-990-2014.html#document/p8/a295516
American Coalition on Clean Coal ElectricityBlueprint Communications2014$240,000.00earned mediahttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2838540-ACCCE-990-2014.html#document/p8/a295517
American Coalition on Clean Coal ElectricityJDA Frontline2013$650,108.00digital outreach / earned media / communicationhttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2838536-ACCCE-2013-990.html#document/p8/a295505
American Coalition on Clean Coal ElectricityDCI Group2013$2,811,881.00direct contact/outreachhttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2838536-ACCCE-2013-990.html#document/p8/a295503
American Coalition on Clean Coal ElectricityWhite and Partners2012$16,169,526.00media placements and advertising agencyhttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2838429-ACCCE-2012-990.html#document/p9/a295494
American Coalition on Clean Coal ElectricityNew Media Strategies2012$4,018,884.00advertising and communications agencyhttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2838429-ACCCE-2012-990.html#document/p9/a295495
American Coalition on Clean Coal ElectricityHawthorn Group2012$1,591,098.00direct contact/outreach and consultinghttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2838429-ACCCE-2012-990.html#document/p9/a295496
American Coalition on Clean Coal ElectricityDCI Group2012$1,187,219.00direct contact/outreachhttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2838429-ACCCE-2012-990.html#document/p9/a295497
American Coalition on Clean Coal ElectricityWhite and Partners2011$23,943,108.00media placements and advertising agencyhttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2838425-ACCCE-2011-990.html#document/p9/a295462
American Coalition on Clean Coal ElectricityHawthorn Group2011$2,008,860.00direct contact/outreach and consultinghttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2838425-ACCCE-2011-990.html#document/p9/a295463
American Coalition on Clean Coal ElectricityR&R Partners2011$1,626,678.00advertising and communications agencyhttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2838425-ACCCE-2011-990.html#document/p9/a295464
American Coalition on Clean Coal ElectricityNew Media Strategies2011$1,559,938.00advertising and communications agencyhttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2838425-ACCCE-2011-990.html#document/p9/a295465
American Coalition on Clean Coal ElectricityWhite and Partners2010$16,639,046.00media placements and advertising agencyhttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2838037-ACCCE-2010-990.html#document/p9/a295296
American Coalition on Clean Coal ElectricityHawthorn Group2010$2,972,810.00direct contact/outreach and consultinghttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2838037-ACCCE-2010-990.html#document/p9/a295298
American Coalition on Clean Coal ElectricityVirilion2010$5,004,538.00advertising & communications agencyhttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2838037-ACCCE-2010-990.html#document/p9/a295297
American Coalition on Clean Coal ElectricityR&R Partners2010$2,439,179.00advertising and communications agencyhttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2838037-ACCCE-2010-990.html#document/p9/a295299
American Coalition on Clean Coal ElectricityNew Media Strategies2010$672,346.00advertising and communications agencyhttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2838037-ACCCE-2010-990.html#document/p9/a295300
American Coalition on Clean Coal ElectricityVirilion2009$14,033,820.00advertising & communications agencyhttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2835378-ACCCE-2009-990.html#document/p8/a295278
American Coalition on Clean Coal ElectricityWhite and Partners2009$9,574,356.00media placements and advertising agencyhttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2835378-ACCCE-2009-990.html#document/p8/a295279
American Coalition on Clean Coal ElectricityR&R Partners2009$2,639,390.00advertising and communications agencyhttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2835378-ACCCE-2009-990.html#document/p8/a295280
American Coalition on Clean Coal ElectricityRT Strategies2008$335,711.00consultinghttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2835271-ACCCE-2008-990.html#document/p8/a295202
American Coalition on Clean Coal ElectricityHawthorn Group2009$2,106,064.00direct contact/outreach and consultinghttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2835378-ACCCE-2009-990.html#document/p8/a295281
American Coalition on Clean Coal ElectricityHawthorn Group2008$1,199,940.00direct contact/outreach and consultinghttps://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2835271-ACCCE-2008-990.html#document/p8/a295198